How Surveillance Has Always Reinforced Racism

Simone Browne is a sociology professor at the University of Texas at Austin and author of Dark Matters: On the Surveillance of Blackness. Browne studies how surveillance technologies have objectified, categorized, and repressed black people, from the panoptic slave ships of the Middle Passage to modern policing tools deployed against protesters. Amid recent police shootings…

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The Trouble With Counting Aliens

In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, there’s really only one big question: Where is everybody? This question has haunted alien hunters ever since the Nobel-winning physicist Enrico Fermi posed it to some colleagues over lunch 70 years ago. There are billions of sun-like stars in our galaxy, and we now know that most of them…

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